Ironclad USS Mound City (1861)

RBJ
1 year ago
Ironclad USS Mound City (1861) 0Ironclad USS Mound City (1861) 1Ironclad USS Mound City (1861) 2

Classification

Ship class:
Type:
type: Ironclad

Basic information

Namesake:
Mound City is a city located along the Ohio River in Pulaski County, Illinois, United States.
Country of build:
Builder:
builder: James Eads & Co.
Commissioned:
Decommissioned:
Status:
Fate:
Scrapped

Ship measurements

Displacement:
512 t
Length:
53 m
Beam:
15.6 m
Draught:
1.8 m

Machine

Propulsion:
  • 2 * non-condensing reciprocating steam engines
  • 22 ft (6.7 m) diameter paddle wheel
Speed:
8 knots

Crew

Complement:
251

Combat assets

Armor:
  • 2.5 in (64 mm) on casemate
  • 1.25 in (32 mm) on pilot house
  • hull, deck, and stern unprotected
Armament:

January 1862

  • 3 * Dahlgren 8-inch smoothbores
  • 4 * James 42-pounder rifles
  • 6 * Dahlgren 32-pounder rifles
  • 1 * Dahlgren 12-pounder rifle

Mid 1863

  • 3 * Dahlgren8-inch smoothbores
  • 1 * Dahlgren 50-pounder rifle
  • 2 * James 42-pounder rifles
  • 6 * Dahlgren 32-pounder rifles
  • 1 * Parrott 30-pounder rifle
  • 1 * Dahlgren 12-pounder rifle

Early 1864

  • 3 * Dahlgren 8-inch smoothbores
  • 4 * Dahlgren 9-inch smoothbores
  • 1 * Parrott 100-pounder rifle
  • 1 * Dahlgren 50-pounder rifle
  • 3 * Dahlgren 32-pounder rifles
  • 1 * Parrott 30-pounder rifle
  • 1 * Dahlgren 12-pounder rifle

USS Mound City was a City-class ironclad gunboat built for service on the Mississippi River and its tributaries in the American Civil War. Originally commissioned as part of the Union Army's Western Gunboat Flotilla, she remained in that service until October 1862. Then the flotilla was transferred to the Navy and she became part of the Mississippi River Squadron, where she remained until the end of the war.

While with the Western Gunboat Flotilla, Mound City took part in combat at Island No. 10, at Fort Pillow, and in an expedition on the White River in Arkansas. At Fort Pillow, she was rammed by Confederate vessels of the River Defense Fleet and averted sinking only by retreating into shoals. On the White River during the Battle of Saint Charles, a chance Confederate shot penetrated the steam drum of her engines, resulting in 105 of its sailors being killed. An additional forty-five crew members were reported wounded, primarily by scalding. The ship suffered only minor damage.

After being transferred to the Navy's Mississippi River Squadron, she served in the Vicksburg campaign. Among her activities there were participation in the Steele's Bayou Expedition and the later bombardment of the batteries at Grand Gulf, Mississippi. Following the capture of Vicksburg and consequent opening of the Mississippi, she took part in the ill-fated Red River Expedition, from which she and the other ships were rescued only with difficulty.

With the end of hostilities, she was decommissioned and sold to private parties.

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