Roll-on/roll-off catamaran landing craft (L-CAT)

Roll-on/roll-off catamaran landing craft (L-CAT) 0Roll-on/roll-off catamaran landing craft (L-CAT) 1Roll-on/roll-off catamaran landing craft (L-CAT) 2Roll-on/roll-off catamaran landing craft (L-CAT) 3Roll-on/roll-off catamaran landing craft (L-CAT) 4

Basic information

Country of build:
Builder:
Planned:
6
Completed:
6
In service:
2011 – present (11 years)

Ship measurements

Displacement:
285 t
Length:
30 m
Beam:
12.8 m
Draft:
2.5 m

Machine

Propulsion:
  • 4 * MTU 12V2000 M93 Diesel engines each producing 1220 kW
  • 4 * Wärtsilä Pump-jets
Speed:
20 knots
Range:
1,000 nmi (1,900 km; 1,200 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)

Personnel

Complement:
8
Embarked units:
40

Combat assets

Cargo capacity:
  • cargo platform 126m² and 80 tons:
  • 1 * AMX-56 Leclerc or
  • 6 * Vehicule Blinde Leger or
  • 3 * AMX-10RC + 3 * VAB or
  • 2 * VAB
Boats & landing craft:
  • 1 * RHIB (11 m)
Armament:
  • 2 * 12.7 mm and 2 * 7.62 mm machine guns

The Fast Amphibious Landing Craft (Engin de débarquement amphibie rapide (EDA-R)) is a class of roll-on/roll-off landing craft catamaran (L-CAT) ordered by the French Navy. They transport weapons systems, equipment, cargo and personnel of the assault elements from Mistral-class amphibious assault ships to shore and across the beach.

Concept design of the EDA-R began in 2000 at Constructions industrielles de la Méditerranée (CNIM) then was abandoned in 2003 and relaunched in 2008 with the full-scale landing craft catamaran (L-Cat). During the development stage, one prototype was built by Gamelin Shipyard and tested during an autonomous transfer from Saint-Malo to the Military port of Toulon. On 14 October 2008, the prototype of the L-Cat beached on the shores of Toulon. In March 2010, it offloaded a 54-ton Leclerc main battle tank at Toulon.

According to CNIM the craft delivers the performance of an aircushion landing craft but at the cost of a conventional landing craft. Four units have been purchased and were presented to the French Navy in January 2011.

In October 2016, CNIM revealed a new variant called L-CAT shore-to-shore, designed for smaller navies that do not have larger amphibious ships to deploy landing craft from. It has a bigger hull to accommodate more personnel and provide improved seakeeping, with an expanded length of 32.6 metres (106 ft 11 in) and beam of 13.2 metres (43 ft 4 in), with seating increased from 40 to 54. The L-CAT shore-to-shore can carry enough fuel to travel 1,000 nautical miles (1,900 km; 1,200 mi) without payload, or 800 nmi (1,500 km; 920 mi) with a 100-ton payload, and be able to move at 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph) empty and 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) with a full load. Because of its potential to operate independently, it is fitted with the LYNCEA naval mission management system, and can be mounted with various features such as two unmanned 20 mm guns or a towed array system providing submarine detection capabilities.

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