Jiangkai 1-class frigate (Type 054)

Jiangkai 1-class frigate (Type 054) 0Jiangkai 1-class frigate (Type 054) 1Jiangkai 1-class frigate (Type 054) 2

Basic information

Type:
Country of build:
Planned:
2
Completed:
2
In service:
2005 – present (17 years)

Ship measurements

Displacement:
3,900 t
Length:
134 m
Beam:
16 m
Draft:
5 m

Machine

Propulsion system:
Propulsion:
  • 4 * SEMT Pielstick 16 PA6 STC diesels
  • 5700 kW (7600+ hp @ 1084 rpm) each
Speed:
27 knots
Range:
8,025 nautical miles (14,900 km) estimated

Personnel

Complement:
190

Combat assets

Electronics:
  • Type 363S (Thomson-CSF DRBV-15 Sea Tiger) 2D air/surface search radar, E/F band
  • Type 345 (Thomson-CSF Castor-II) fire-control radar for HQ-7 SAM, I/J band
  • Type 347G Rice Lamp fire control radar for AK-630 CIWS guns, I-band
  • MR-36A surface search radar, I-band
  • Type MR34 100 mm gun fire control radar
  • 2 * Racal RM-1290 navigation radars, I-band
  • MGK-335 medium frequency active/passive sonar system
  • ZKJ-4B/6 (developed from Thomson-CSF TAVITAC) combat data system
  • HN-900 Data link (Chinese equivalent of Link 11A/B, to be upgraded)
  • SNTI-240 SATCOM
  • Type 922-1 radar warning receiver
  • HZ-100 ECM & ELINT system
Armament:
  • 2 * 4-cell YJ-83 (C-803) anti-ship missiles
  • 1 * HQ-10 short-range SAM 14-cell launcher
  • 1 * Type 210 100 mm naval gun
  • 4 * AK-630 6-barrel 30 mm CIWS guns
  • Triple 324 mm YU-7 ASW torpedoes
  • Rocket launchers, possibly ASW rockets or decoy rockets
  • Before 2020 refit:
  • 1 * HQ-7 8-cell SAM launcher (replaced by 14-cell launcher HQ-10 short-range SAM)
Aircraft:
  • 1 * Kamov Ka-28 'Helix' or Harbin Z-9

The Type 054 (NATO Codename Jiangkai 1) is a class of Chinese multi-role frigates that were commissioned in the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force in 2005. They superseded the Type 053H3 frigates. Only two ships, Ma'anshan (525), and Wenzhou (526), were completed before production switched to the VLS equipped improved Type 054A frigate.

The Type 054 has a stealthy hull design with sloped surfaces, radar absorbent materials, and a reduced superstructure clutter.

The main anti-ship armament were YJ-83 sea-skimming anti-ship cruise missiles in two four-cell launchers. It retained the HQ-7 SAM, an improved version of the French Crotale, from the preceding Type 053H3; the HQ-7 had a ready-to-fire 8-cell launcher, with 16 stored in the automatic reloader. Short range defence was improved with four AK-630 CIWS turrets. A 100 mm main gun, also based on a French design, was mounted.

Both ships were powered by four CODAD Type 16 PA6 STC marine diesel engines designed by SEMT Pielstick, each generating 6,330 hp. Licenses for the engines were sold to China in April 2002, where they were built by the Shaanxi Diesel Engine Factory. Other reports claimed each ship was powered by two (or four) Type 16 PA STC and two MTU 20V 956TB92 diesels.

The Type 054 resembled the French La Fayette-class frigates in shape and displacement. In addition, the Chinese used French, or French-derived, electronics and weapons. The French exported these systems to China in the 1980s, and later granted production licences. These systems were similar to those used on the La Fayettes in the 1980s.

The succeeding Type 054A frigates incorporated a larger proportion of more-advanced indigenous systems.

Ships2

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