Battleship USS New Jersey (BB-62)

RBJ
1 year ago
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Classification

Ship class:
Type:
type: Battleship

Basic information

Namesake:
State of New Jersey
Country of build:
Builder:
builder: Philadelphia Naval Shipyard
Operator:
Ordered:
Laid down:
Launched:
Commissioned:
Decommissioned:
Status:
Fate:
Museum ship in Camden, New Jersey

Ship measurements

Displacement:
58400 t
Length:
270.54 m
Beam:
32.95 m
Draught:
11.51 m

Machine

Propulsion:
  • 8 * Babcock & Wilcox «M»-type 600 PSI dual furnace, controlled superheat boilers
  • 4 * engine sets (high pressure & low pressure turbines, reduction gear), 212,000 shp (158,088 kW)
  • 4 * shafts/props
  • 4 * boiler rooms
  • 4 * engine rooms
Speed:
33 knots

Crew

Complement:
1921

Combat assets

Armor:
  • Belt: 12.1 in (307 mm)
  • Bulkheads: 11.3 in (287 mm)
  • Barbettes: 11.6 to 17.3 in (295 to 439 mm)
  • Turrets: 19.5 in (495 mm)
  • Decks: main 1.5 in (38 mm), second 6.0 in (152 mm)
Electronics:
  • AN/SPS-49 Air Search Radar
  • AN/SPS-67 Surface Search Radar
  • AN/SPQ-9 Surface Search/Gun Fire Control Radar
  • AN/SLQ-32
  • AN/SLQ-25 Nixie Decoy System
  • 8 * Mark 36 SRBOC Super Rapid Bloom Rocket Launchers
Armament:

1943:

  • 9 * 16 in (406 mm) 50 cal. Mark 7 guns
  • 20 * 5 in (127 mm) 38 cal. Mark 12 guns
  • 80 * 40 mm 56 cal. anti-aircraft guns
  • 49 * 20 mm 70 cal. anti-aircraft guns

1968:

  • 9 * 16 in (406 mm) 50 cal Mark 7 guns
  • 20 * 5 in (127 mm) 38 cal Mark 12 guns

1982:

  • 9 * 16 in (406 mm) 50 cal. Mark 7 guns
  • 12 * 5 in (127 mm) 38 cal. Mark 12 guns
  • 32 * BGM-109 Tomahawk cruise missiles
  • 16 * RGM-84 Harpoon Anti-Ship missiles
  • 4 * 20 mm/76 cal. Phalanx CIWS
Aircraft:

1943:

  • 2 * catapults
  • 3 * Vought OS2U Kingfisher Floatplanes

1982:

  • deck for up to 4 helicopters

USS New Jersey (BB-62) («Big J» or «Black Dragon») is an Iowa-class battleship, and was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named after the US state of New Jersey. New Jersey earned more battle stars for combat actions than the other three completed Iowa-class battleships, and was the only US battleship providing gunfire support during the Vietnam War.

During World War II, New Jersey shelled targets on Guam and Okinawa, and screened aircraft carriers conducting raids in the Marshall Islands. During the Korean War, she was involved in raids up and down the North Korean coast, after which she was decommissioned into the United States Navy reserve fleets, better known as the «mothball fleet». She was briefly reactivated in 1968 and sent to Vietnam to support US troops before returning to the mothball fleet in 1969. Reactivated once more in the 1980s as part of the 600-ship Navy program, New Jersey was modernized to carry missiles and recommissioned for service. In 1983, she participated in US operations during the Lebanese Civil War.

New Jersey was decommissioned for the last time in 1991 (after serving a total of 21 years in the active fleet), having earned a Navy Unit Commendation for service in Vietnam and 19 battle and campaign stars for combat operations during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Lebanese Civil War, and service in the Persian Gulf. After a brief retention in the mothball fleet, she was donated to the Home Port Alliance in Camden, New Jersey, and began her career as a museum ship 15 October 2001.

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