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Авианосец «Кавур» (550)

Авианосец «Кавур» (550) 0Авианосец «Кавур» (550) 1Авианосец «Кавур» (550) 2Авианосец «Кавур» (550) 3

Классификация

Основная информация

Назван в честь:
Граф Камилло Бензо ди Кавур
Страна постройки:
Изготовитель:
Заказан к постройке:
Заложен:
Cпущен на воду:
Принят:
Статус:

Главные размерения

Водоизмещение:
30 000 т
Длина:
244 м
Ширина:
39 м
Ширина (по ватерлинии):
29.1 м
Осадка:
8.7 м

Машина

Комбинированная установка:
Силовая установка:
  • 2 * shafts
  • 4 * General Electric/Avio LM2500+ gas turbines providing 88,000 kW (118,000 bhp)
  • 6 * diesel generators Wärtsila CW 12V200 13,200 kW (17,700 bhp)
Скорость:
29 уз
Дальность плавания:
7,000 nmi (13,000 km; 8,100 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)

Персонал

Экипаж:
1 202
Корабельная команда:
486
Авиагруппа:
211
Экипаж миссии:
140
Управление (штаб):
5
Приданные подразделения:
360

Боевые силы и средства

Грузовые возможности:
  • flight deck: 232.60 m (763 ft 1 in) x 34.5 m (113 ft 2 in)
  • hangar capacity: 134.2 m (440 ft 3 in) x 21.0 m (68 ft 11 in)
Лодки и десантные катера:
  • 4 * LCVP
Электроника:
  • Selex RAN-40L 3D L-band long-range radar
  • Selex ES EMPAR (SPY-790) multifunction radar
  • Selex ES RAN-30X/I RASS (SPS-791) surface radar
  • 2 * SELEX ES RTN-25X Orion, fire direction radars
  • PAR (Precision Approach Radar) Selex ES MM/SPN-720
  • PALS (Precision Approach and Landing System) Telephonics AN/SPN-41A
  • 2 * GEM Elettronica MM/SPN-753(v)10 navigation radars
  • Selex ES SIR-R/S IFF system
  • TACAN SRN-15 A
  • WASS SNA-2000 Mine Avoidance Sonar (Leonardo Thesan)
  • 2 * Selex ES IRST SASS (Silent Acquisition and Surveillance System)
  • GEM Elettronica IRST EOSS-100
  • underwater telephone
  • Elettronica Spa NETTUNO-4100 ECM System
  • EW System (RESM/CESM, RECM)
Вооружение:

4 * 8-cell A-43 Sylver launchers carrying the MBDA Aster 15 surface-to-air missile

2 * Oto Melara 76/62 mm Strales guns

3 * Oerlikon Contraves 25/80 mm Anti-aircraft guns

2 * ODLS-H/ODLS OTO Melara decoy launching systems

Авиация:
  • 10 * AV-8B Harrier IIs and
  • 12 * AgustaWestland AW101

Italian aircraft carrier Cavour is launched in 2004. It is the flagship of the Italian Navy.

The ship is designed to combine fixed wing V/STOL and helicopter air operations, command and control operations and the transport of military or civil personnel and heavy vehicles. The 134 m (440 ft), 2,800 m2 (30,000 sq ft) hangar space can double as a vehicle hold capable of holding up to 24 main battle tanks (typically Ariete) or many lighter vehicles (50 Dardo IFV, 100+ Iveco LMV), and is fitted aft with access ramps rated to 70 tons, as well as two elevators rated up to 30 tons for aircraft. Cavour can also operate as landing platform helicopter, accommodating heavy transport helicopters (AgustaWestland UH-101A ASH) and 325 marines (91 more, on option). The Cavour has a displacement of 27,900 tons but can reach more than 30,000 tons at full military capacity.

The Italian Navy will replace its 16 Harriers with 15 (originally 22) Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning IIs. The F-35B schedule is uncertain, but it is planned to modify Cavour to support the F-35B by 2016. Cavour will have room for ten F-35Bs in the hangar, and six more parked on deck.

Cavour was laid down by Fincantieri in June 2001, and was launched from the Riva Trigoso shipyard in Sestri Levante, on 20 July 2004. Sea trials began in December 2006, and she was officially commissioned 27 March 2008. Full operational capability (FOC) was reached 10 June 2009.

On 19 January 2010, Cavour was dispatched to Haiti as part of Operation White Crane, Italy's operation for 2010 Haiti earthquake relief. This was the first mission of the aircraft carrier, where it supplemented international efforts to provide relief for the victims of the 2010 Haiti earthquake.

It is reported that modernization works on the Cavour has been completed. In May 2020, it was announced the Italian aircraft carrier will undertake a preparatory training before sailing to the U.S. where the ship will conduct trials with the F-35B STOVL.

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