Авианосец USS Hornet (CV-8)

5 месяцев назад
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Классификация

Класс:
type: Суперавианосец

Основная информация

Страна постройки:
Предприятие постойки:
builder: Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock
Заказан к постройке:
Заложен:
Cпущен на воду:
Принят:
Потоплен:
Статус:

Главные размерения

Водоизмещение:
25900 t
Длина:
251.38 m
Длина (по ватерлинии):
234.7 m
Ширина (наибольшая):
35 m
Ширина:
25.37 m
Осадка:
8.5 m

Машина

Силовая установка:
  • 9 * Babcock & Wilcox boilers
  • 4 * shafts
  • 4 * geared steam turbines
  • 120,000 shp (89 MW)
Скорость:
32.5 knots
Дальность плавания:
12,500 nmi at 15 knots

Персонал

Экипаж:
2919

Боевые силы и средства

Броня:
  • Belt: 64–102 mm
  • Deck: 102 mm
  • Bulkheads: 102 mm
  • Conning Tower: 102 mm
  • Steering Gear: 102 mm
Вооружение:
  • 8 * 127 mm DP guns
  • 4 * 28 mm AA guns
  • 24 * 12.7 mm AA MGs
Авиация:
  • 72 * aircraft

USS Hornet (CV-8), the seventh U.S. Navy vessel of that name, was a Yorktown-class aircraft carrier of the United States Navy. During World War II in the Pacific Theater, she launched the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo and participated in the Battle of Midway and the Buin-Faisi-Tonolai Raid. In the Solomon Islands campaign, she was involved in the capture and defense of Guadalcanal and the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands where she was irreparably damaged by enemy torpedo and dive bombers. Faced with an approaching Japanese surface force, Hornet was abandoned and later torpedoed and sunk by approaching Japanese destroyers. Hornet was in service for a year and six days and was the last US fleet carrier ever sunk by enemy fire. For these actions, she was awarded four service stars, a citation for the Doolittle Raid in 1942, and her Torpedo Squadron 8 received a Presidential Unit Citation for extraordinary heroism for the Battle of Midway.

In late January 2019, the research vessel Petrel located the wreck at a depth of more than 5,300 m off the Solomon Islands. The expedition team, largely funded by Paul Allen, aboard the Petrel used information from the archives of nine other U.S. warships that saw the carrier shortly before it was sunk.

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