Легкий крейсер HMS Belfast (C35)

Легкий крейсер HMS Belfast (C35) 0Легкий крейсер HMS Belfast (C35) 1Легкий крейсер HMS Belfast (C35) 2Легкий крейсер HMS Belfast (C35) 3Легкий крейсер HMS Belfast (C35) 4Легкий крейсер HMS Belfast (C35) 5


Основная информация

Страна постройки:
Заказан к постройке:
Cпущен на воду:
Снят с эксплуатации:
Museum ship since 21 October 1971

Главные размерения

11 550 т
186.99 м
Ширина (по ватерлинии):
19.3 м
5.56 м


Силовая установка:
  • 4 * Parsons steam turbines
  • 4 * Admiralty 3-drum boilers
  • 4 * shafts
  • 80,000 shp (60 MW)
32 уз



Боевые силы и средства

  • Main belt: 4.5 inches (114 mm)
  • Main turrets: Up to 4 inches (102 mm)
  • Decks over magazines: 3 inches (76 mm)
  • Decks over machinery: 2 inches (51 mm)
  • Bulkheads: 2.5 inches (63.5 mm)
  • 12 * BL 6 in (152 mm) Mark XXIII guns (4 * 3)
  • 12 * QF 4 in (102 mm) Mark XVI guns (6 * 2)
  • 8 * .5 in (12.7 mm) Vickers machine guns (2 * 4)
  • 6 * 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes (2 * 3)
  • 2 * Supermarine Walrus aircraft (Removed in the latter part of WWII)
  • 1 * catapult
  • 2 * hangars

HMS Belfast is a Town-class light cruiser that was built for the Royal Navy. She is now permanently moored as a museum ship on the River Thames in London and is operated by the Imperial War Museum.

Construction of Belfast, the first ship in the Royal Navy to be named after the capital city of Northern Ireland and one of ten Town-class cruisers, began in December 1936. She was launched on St Patrick's Day 1938. Commissioned in early August 1939 shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War, Belfast was initially part of the British naval blockade against Germany. In November 1939, Belfast struck a German mine and spent more than two years undergoing extensive repairs. Belfast returned to action in November 1942 with improved firepower, radar equipment, and armour. Belfast saw action escorting Arctic convoys to the Soviet Union during 1943 and in December 1943 played an important role in the Battle of North Cape, assisting in the destruction of the German warship Scharnhorst. In June 1944, Belfast took part in Operation Overlord supporting the Normandy landings. In June 1945, Belfast was redeployed to the Far East to join the British Pacific Fleet, arriving shortly before the end of the Second World War. Belfast saw further combat action in 1950–52 during the Korean War and underwent an extensive modernisation between 1956 and 1959. A number of further overseas commissions followed before Belfast entered reserve in 1963.

In 1967, efforts were initiated to avert Belfast's expected scrapping and to preserve her as a museum ship. A joint committee of the Imperial War Museum, the National Maritime Museum, and the Ministry of Defence were established and then reported in June 1968 that preservation was practical. In 1971, the government decided against preservation, prompting the formation of the private HMS Belfast Trust to campaign for her preservation. The efforts of the Trust were successful, and the government transferred the ship to the Trust in July 1971. Brought to London, she was moored on the River Thames near Tower Bridge in the Pool of London. Opened to the public in October 1971, Belfast became a branch of the Imperial War Museum in 1978. A popular tourist attraction, Belfast receives over a quarter of a million visitors per year. As a branch of a national museum and part of the National Historic Fleet, Belfast is supported by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, admissions income, and the museum's commercial activities.

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