Type 201 submarine

RBJ
1 year ago
Type 201 submarine 0Type 201 submarine 1Type 201 submarine 2Type 201 submarine 3
Builder:
Type:
Planned:
12
Completed:
3
Cancelled:
9
Commissioned:
Complement:
21
Displacement:
395 t
Submerged displacement:
433 t
Length:
42.4 m
Beam:
4.6 m
Propulsion:
  • 880 kilowatts (1,180 hp) diesel generator
  • 1,100 kilowatts (1,500 hp) electric motor
  • 1 * shaft
Speed:
10.7 knots
Submerged speed:
17.5 knots
Range:
3,800 nautical miles
Submerged range:
270 nautical miles (500 km; 310 mi) at 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph)
Test depth:
100 m
Electronics:
  • sonar
  • radar
  • hydrophone array
Armament:
  • 8 * 533 millimetres (21.0 in) torpedo tubes
  • 8 torpedoes (no reloads)
  • or16 naval mines

The Type 201 was Germany's first class of military submarines built after World War II. They were built out of amagnetic steel to counter the threat of magnetic naval mines, but the material had been insufficiently tested and proved to be problematic in service with the Bundesmarine. Microscopic cracks in the pressure hull forced the cancellation of nine of the twelve ordered submarines and the early retirement of the three completed boats. They were replaced by the very similar Type 205 submarines, that were constructed with normal steel. Responsible for the design and construction was the Ingenieurkontor L├╝beck (IKL) headed by Ulrich Gabler.

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