Aquitaine-class frigate (FREMM)

RBJ
1 year ago
Aquitaine-class frigate (FREMM) 0Aquitaine-class frigate (FREMM) 1Aquitaine-class frigate (FREMM) 2Aquitaine-class frigate (FREMM) 3Aquitaine-class frigate (FREMM) 4Aquitaine-class frigate (FREMM) 5Aquitaine-class frigate (FREMM) 6
Yes
Builder:
Type:
Planned:
10
Completed:
8
Commissioned:
Complement:
140
Displacement:
6000 t
Length:
142 m
Beam:
20 m
Propulsion:
  • CODLOG
  • 1 * 32 MW gas turbine General Electric/Avio LM2500+G4
  • 2 * 2.5 MW electric motors Jeumont Electric
  • 4 * diesel generators MTU Series 4000 (2,2 MW everyone)
  • 2 * shafts, driving controllable pitch propellers
  • 1 * 1 MW bow thruster
Speed:
27 knots
Range:
6,000 nmi (11,000 km; 6,900 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Electronics:
  • Thales Héraklès multi-purpose passive electronically scanned array radar
  • Navigation radar Terma Scanter 2001
  • Sonar Thales 4110 CL
  • Sonar Thales CAPTAS-4 (UMS 4249)
  • Thales ARBR 21 (DR 3000S) radar warning receiver
  • Thales Artemis infrared search and track system
  • 2 * Sigen RECM Radar countermeasure
  • Anti-torpedo decoys
  • SETIS Combat System
  • Sagem/Safran NAJIR fire control system (76/62 gun)
Armament:
  • 8 * MBDA MM-40 Exocet block 3 anti-ship missiles
  • 16-cell MBDA SYLVER A70 VLS for 16 MBDA SCALP Naval land-attack cruise missiles
  • 16-cell MBDA SYLVER A43 VLS for 16 MBDA Aster 15 missiles
  • 24 missiles Mica VL (optional)
  • 1 * Leonardo OTO Melara 76 mm SR gun
  • 3 * Nexter 20mm Narwhal remote weapon systems
  • 2 * double Leonardo (WASS) B-515 launcher for MU 90 torpedoes
Aircraft:
  • 1 * NH90 helicopter
  • Helicopter pad
  • Hangar

Original plans were for 17 FREMM to replace the nine D'Estienne d'Orves-class avisos and nine anti-submarine frigates of the Tourville and Georges Leygues classes. In November 2005 France announced a contract of €3.5 billion for development and the first eight hulls, with options for nine more costing €2.95 billion split over two tranches (totaling 17).

Following the cancellation of the third and fourth of the Horizon-class frigates in 2005 on budget grounds, requirements for an air-defence derivative of the FREMM called FREDA were placed – with DCNS coming up with several proposals. Expectations were that the last two ships of the 17 FREMM planned would be built to FREDA specifications; however, by 2008 the plan was revised down to just 11 FREMM (9 ASW variants and 2 FREDA variants) at a cost of €8.75 billion (FY13, ~US$12 billion). The 11 ships would cost €670 million (~US$760m) each in FY2014, or €860m (~US$980m) including development costs.

The 2013 White Paper on Defence and National Security committed France to 15 front-line frigates, which was initially interpreted as 2 Horizons, 5 La Fayettes and a reduction in the FREMM fleet down to 8 ships. The 2014/2019 defence plan restated a target of 11 frigates; plan is to deliver six ASW FREMM variants to replace the Georges Leygues-class frigates by 2019, followed by two anti-air variants to replace the ageing Cassard-class frigates and a decision will be taken in 2016 on what version the remaining three will be. In 2014, the French Navy's Chief of Staff, Adm. Bernard Rogel, confirmed that 11 FREMM frigates had been ordered but in 2015 the order was cut to 8 in order to allow the purchase of five FTI Mid-Size frigates from 2023. The FTI will replace the La Fayette-class class, which will be fitted with a sonar as an interim measure.

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