Авианосец USS Enterprise (CV-6)

5 месяцев назад
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Классификация

Класс:
type: Суперавианосец

Основная информация

Страна постройки:
Предприятие постойки:
builder: Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock
Заказан к постройке:
Заложен:
Cпущен на воду:
Принят:
Снят с эксплуатации:
Статус:

Главные размерения

Водоизмещение:
32060 t
Длина:
251.4 m
Длина (по ватерлинии):
234.7 m
Ширина (наибольшая):
33.4 m
Ширина:
25.4 m
Осадка:
7.9 m

Машина

Силовая установка:
  • 9 * Babcock & Wilcox boilers
  • 4 * shafts
  • 4 * Parsons geared steam turbines
  • 120,000 shp (89 MW)
Скорость:
32.5 knots
Дальность плавания:
12,500 nmi at 15 knots

Персонал

Экипаж:
2217

Боевые силы и средства

Броня:
  • Belt: 64–102 mm
  • Deck: 102 mm
  • Bulkheads: 102 mm
  • Conning Tower: 102 mm
  • Steering Gear: 102 mm
Электроника:
  • CXAM-1 RADAR
Вооружение:
  • 8 * single 5 in/38 cal guns
  • 4 * quad 1.1 in/75 cal guns
  • 24 * .50 caliber machine guns
  • From April 1942:
  • 8 * 5 in/38 cal
  • 4 * quad 1.1 in/75 cal
  • 30 * 20 mm Oerlikon cannons
  • From mid-June 1942 to mid-September 1942:
  • 8 * 5 in/38 cal
  • 5 * quad 1.1 in/75 cal
  • 32 * 20 mm Oerlikons
  • From mid-September 1942:
  • 8 * 5 in/38 cal
  • 4 * quad 40 mm Bofors guns
  • 1 * quad 1.1 in/75 cal
  • 44 * 20 mm Oerlikons
  • From October 1943:
  • 8 * 5 in/38 cal
  • 40 * 40 mm Bofors (8×2, 6×4)
  • 50 * 20 mm Oerlikon
  • From September 1945:
  • 8 * 5 in/38 cal
  • 54 * 40 mm Bofors (5×2, 11×4)
  • 32 * 20 mm Oerlikons (16×2)
Авиация:
  • 90 * aircraft

USS Enterprise (CV-6) was the seventh U.S. Navy vessel of that name. Colloquially called «The Big E», she was the sixth aircraft carrier of the United States Navy. A Yorktown-class carrier, she was launched in 1936 and was one of only three American carriers commissioned before World War II to survive the war. She participated in more major actions of the war against Japan than any other United States ship. These actions included the attack on Pearl Harbor (18 Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bombers of her Air Group arrived over the harbor during the attack; seven were shot down with eight airmen killed and two wounded — she was the only American aircraft carrier with men at Pearl Harbor during the attack and the first to sustain casualties during the Pacific War), the Battle of Midway, the Battle of the Eastern Solomons, the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, various other air-sea engagements during the Guadalcanal Campaign, the Battle of the Philippine Sea, and the Battle of Leyte Gulf.

Enterprise earned 20 battle stars, the most for any U.S. warship in World War II, and was the most decorated U.S. ship of World War II. She was also the first American ship to sink a full-sized enemy warship after the Pacific War had been declared when her aircraft sank the Japanese submarine I-70 on 10 December 1941. On three occasions during the war, the Japanese announced that she had been sunk in battle, inspiring her nickname «The Grey Ghost».

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