Фрегаты типа «Альваро де Базан» (F 100)

4 месяца назад
Фрегаты типа «Альваро де Базан» (F 100) 0Фрегаты типа «Альваро де Базан» (F 100) 1Фрегаты типа «Альваро де Базан» (F 100) 2Фрегаты типа «Альваро де Базан» (F 100) 3Фрегаты типа «Альваро де Базан» (F 100) 4
Строитель:
Класс:
Планировалось:
6
Построено:
5
Отменено:
1
На службе с:
Экипаж:
201
Водоизмещение:
6494 t
Длина:
146.7 m
Ширина:
18.6 m
Силовая установка:
  • CODOG:
  • 2 * General Electric LM2500 gas turbines
  • 2 * Caterpillar 3600 diesel engines
  • 2 * Propellers
Скорость:
28 knots
Дальность плавания:
4,500 nmi (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph)
Электроника:
  • Lockheed Martin AN/SPY-1D 3D multifunction radar
  • Raytheon SPS-67(V)4 surface search radar
  • Raytheon DE1160 LF active and passive sonar
  • 2 * ARIES navigation/surface radar
  • 2 * Raytheon SPG-62 Mk99 radar illuminator
  • 4 * FMC SRBOC Mk36 flare launchers
  • SLQ-25A Enhanced Nixie torpedo countermeasures
  • Indra SLQ-380 EW suite
  • Indra Mk 9500 interceptor
Вооружение:
  • 1 * 5 in (127.0 mm)/54 Mk45 Mod 2 gun
  • Provision for one CIWS FABA 20mm/120 Meroka system.
  • 1 * Mark 41 (VLS) (48-cell)
  • 32 * Standard SM-2MR Block IIIA
  • 64 * RIM-162 Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (4 per cell)
  • 8 * McDonnell Douglas RGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missile
  • 2 * twin 12.75 in (323.8 mm) Mark 32 Mod 9 torpedo tubes with 12 Honeywell Mark 46 Mod 5 torpedoes
Авиация:
  • 1 * Sikorsky SH-60B LAMPS III Seahawk

The Álvaro de Bazán class, also known as the F100 class, is a class of Aegis combat system-equipped air defence frigates in service with the Spanish Navy. The vessels were built by Spanish shipbuilder Navantia in Ferrol, with the lead ship of the class named for Admiral Álvaro de Bazán.

The ships are fitted with American Aegis weapons system allowing them to track hundreds of airborne targets simultaneously as part of its air defence network. The Álvaro de Bazán-class multi-role frigates are one of the few non-US warships to carry the Aegis system and its associated SPY-1D radar. The American Arleigh Burke class, Japanese Kongo class, Korean Sejong the Great class, Australian Hobart class, and the Norwegian Fridtjof Nansen class also use the Aegis system.

The Álvaro de Bazán-class frigates are the first modern vessels of the Spanish Navy to incorporate ballistic resistant steel in the hull, along with the power plants being mounted on anti-vibration mounts to reduce noise and make them less detectable by submarines. The original contract for four ships was worth €1.683 billion but they ended up costing €1.81 billion. As of 2010 it was estimated that the final vessel, F-105 would cost €834m.

Six ships were originally planned, including Roger de Lauria (F105) and Juan de Austria (F106). These were cancelled but a fifth ship was later added as the F105 Cristóbal Colón.

The class is the basis of the Australian Hobart-class destroyers, previously known as the Air Warfare Destroyer. The Australian government announced in June 2007 that, in partnership with Navantia, three F100 vessels will be built for the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) with the first due for delivery in 2014, however this was delayed until 2017 when lead ship HMAS Hobart was commissioned.

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